The focus on improving the learning outcomes helped Kerala top the School Education Quality Index (SEQI) among the 20 large States in the country. Learning outcome refers to a skill acquired by a student after undergoing a course.
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- News: NITI Aayog released The success of Our Schools: School Education Quality Index 2019
- Need: “Inclusive development hinges upon ensuring quality education. Proper schooling prepares individuals for social and civic responsibility, builds social capital and encourages effective cognitive development.”
- Developed through a collaborative process including key stakeholders such as MHRD, the World Bank and sector experts, the index consists of 30 critical indicators that assess the delivery of quality education.
- The School Education Quality Index (SEQI) was developed to evaluate the performance of States and Union Territories (UTs) in the school education sector.
- The index aims to bring an outcomes focus to education policy by providing States and UTs with a platform to identify their strengths and weaknesses and undertake requisite course corrections or policy interventions.
- To foster the spirit of competitive and cooperative federalism, the index strives to facilitate the sharing of knowledge and best practices across States and UTs.
- larger states:
- Kerala topped the list with a score of 0.766 in overall performance,
- Rajasthan stood second with a score of 0.729.
- Uttar Pradesh was the worst performer with a score of just 0.364. and ranked at the last place on the list.
- The other big states with dismal performance are Jammu and Kashmir (0.411), Punjab (0.411), Bihar (0.420) and Jharkhand (0.439), ranked at 19th, 18th, 17th and 16th place respectively.
- The report has ranked eight smaller states and the seven Union Territories separately.
- Smaller states:
- Manipur topped the list with a score of 0.688, followed by Tripura (0.645) and Goa (0.584),
- Arunachal Pradesh (0.246) the worst performing state.
- Union Territories:
- Chandigarh topped the list with a score of 0.829, followed by Dadra and Nagar Haveli (0.586) and Delhi (0.490).
- Lakshadweep was the worst performing UT with a score of 0.319.
- Among the 20 large states, 18 improved their overall performance score between 2015-16 and 2016-17.
- Note: The list does not include West Bengal as the state did not participate in the exercise.
- The net enrollment ratio (NER) at the elementary level in most states and Union Territories is declining, revealing a serious challenge for the Centre and states.
- Eight of 20 large states also show a dip in mainstreaming of out-of-school schoolchildren by over 10 percentage points from the base year of 2015-16. Mainstreaming here implies bringing these children back into the school system.
- SEQI aims to drive policy reforms that will improve the quality of school education.
- The index seeks to institutionalise a focus on enhancing education outcomes by driving improvements in learning levels, access, equity, infrastructure and governance processes.
- The index recognizes that school education is a subject on the Concurrent List and that State-level leadership is crucial for improving outcomes in a cost-effective manner.
- The index will serve as a regular and transparent review of the status of school education quality across the States and UTs.
- SEQI is based on a set of indicators that measure the overall effectiveness, quality and efficiency of the Indian school education system.
- The index encourages States/UTs to improve their scores by showing progress across these aspects.
- The SEQI is based on 30 indicators grouped into two broad categories – ‘outcome’ and ‘governance processes aiding outcomes’.
- The scores on this category are primarily driven by learning outcomes, which received more than 50% of the total weightage assigned to this category.
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