School Education Quality Index(SEQI) 2019

The focus on improving the learning outcomes helped Kerala top the School Education Quality Index (SEQI) among the 20 large States in the country. Learning outcome refers to a skill acquired by a student after undergoing a course.

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  • News: NITI Aayog released The success of Our Schools: School Education Quality Index 2019
  • Need: “Inclusive development hinges upon ensuring quality education. Proper schooling prepares individuals for social and civic responsibility, builds social capital and encourages effective cognitive development.”

School Education Quality Index(SEQI)

  • Developed through a collaborative process including key stakeholders such as MHRD, the World Bank and sector experts, the index consists of 30 critical indicators that assess the delivery of quality education.
  • The School Education Quality Index (SEQI) was developed to evaluate the performance of States and Union Territories (UTs) in the school education sector.
  • The index aims to bring an outcomes focus to education policy by providing States and UTs with a platform to identify their strengths and weaknesses and undertake requisite course corrections or policy interventions.
  • To foster the spirit of competitive and cooperative federalism, the index strives to facilitate the sharing of knowledge and best practices across States and UTs.


Highlights of the Report : 

  • larger states:
    • Kerala topped the list with a score of 0.766 in overall performance,
    • Rajasthan stood second with a score of 0.729.
    • Uttar Pradesh was the worst performer with a score of just 0.364. and ranked at the last place on the list.
    • The other big states with dismal performance are Jammu and Kashmir (0.411), Punjab (0.411), Bihar (0.420) and Jharkhand (0.439), ranked at 19th, 18th, 17th and 16th place respectively.
  • The report has ranked eight smaller states and the seven Union Territories separately.
  • Smaller states:
    • Manipur topped the list with a score of 0.688, followed by Tripura (0.645) and Goa (0.584),
    • Arunachal Pradesh (0.246) the worst performing state.
  •  Union Territories:
    • Chandigarh topped the list with a score of 0.829, followed by Dadra and Nagar Haveli (0.586) and Delhi (0.490).
    • Lakshadweep was the worst performing UT with a score of 0.319.
  • Among the 20 large states, 18 improved their overall performance score between 2015-16 and 2016-17.
  • Note: The list does not include West Bengal as the state did not participate in the exercise.



  • The net enrollment ratio (NER) at the elementary level in most states and Union Territories is declining, revealing a serious challenge for the Centre and states.
  • Eight of 20 large states also show a dip in mainstreaming of out-of-school schoolchildren by over 10 percentage points from the base year of 2015-16. Mainstreaming here implies bringing these children back into the school system.

SEQI Aim and Purpose

  • SEQI aims to drive policy reforms that will improve the quality of school education.
  • The index seeks to institutionalise a focus on enhancing education outcomes by driving improvements in learning levels, access, equity, infrastructure and governance processes.
  • The index recognizes that school education is a subject on the Concurrent List and that State-level leadership is crucial for improving outcomes in a cost-effective manner.
  • The index will serve as a regular and transparent review of the status of school education quality across the States and UTs.

Index categories and Domains

  • SEQI is based on a set of indicators that measure the overall effectiveness, quality and efficiency of the Indian school education system.
  • The index encourages States/UTs to improve their scores by showing progress across these aspects.
  • The SEQI is based on 30 indicators grouped into two broad categories – ‘outcome’ and ‘governance processes aiding outcomes’.
  • The scores on this category are primarily driven by learning outcomes, which received more than 50% of the total weightage assigned to this category.

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