Read Between the Lines [01-10-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

  • Niti aayog School education quality index report-what are the various parameters
  • Learning outcomes -access outcomes
  • National achievement survey
  • Question: What are Pull and Push factors in relation to education of girl child ?
  • Article 370
  • who are considered as juveniles
  • Eight core sectors of index of industrial production their weightage
  • Repo linked lending rates
  •  association of southeast Asian nations
  • Indian solutions for global applications
  • Ganga and Yamuna rivers
  • National mission for clean Ganga
  • jal shakti ministry
  •  Lidar mapping -remote sensing
  • OECD countries
  • Corporate tax
  • Ease of doing business
  • what do you understand by non agricultural sectors
  • election commission of India
  • criminalisation of politics
  • prevention of corruption act
  • Lily Thomas judgement
  • judicial review process in India
  • periodic labour force survey
  • what is labour force
  • how is unemployment calculated
  • what is demographic dividend demographic burden
  • What is disguised unemployment
  • model tenancy act
  • United nation general assembly
  • IPCC
  • 450GW of renewable energy how and when ?
  • current account deficit — its relation to foreign direct investment, foreign portfolio investment, invisible receipts and external commercial borrowings.
  • what is foreign exchange reserves in India
  • what is balance of payments
  • fiscal deficit
  • Ujwal discom assurance Yojana
  • FRBM act – Fiscal deficit of states ?

Read Between the Lines [30-9-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

  • Election commission of India
  • Representation of people act -reduce or remove disqualification
  • what are the various forms of disqualification under representation of peoples act
  • prevention of corruption act 1988
  • what do you understand by imposition of stock limits on onions ,
  • essential commodities act
  • Galo community in Arunachal Pradesh
  • UDAY scheme power distribution companies DISCOM
  • Comptroller and auditor general
  • coastal regulation zone
  • Delhi Katra vande Bharat express
  • International astronomical union, asteroid, working group for small body nomenclature
  • nutrition month the comprehensive National nutrition survey.
  • non communicable diseases- diabetes
  • stunting ,malnourishment, under-nutrition
  • reserve Bank of India
  • article 370 preventive
  • detention
  • belt and road initiative
  • debt trap
  • Hambantota port
  • neighbourhood first policy
  • importance of Northern province in Sri Lanka to India
  • economic and technical cooperation agreement – free trade agreement
  • Tsunami
  • Indian peace keeping force -LTTE
  • 13th amendment in Sri Lanka
  • global disinformation order
  • e-cigarettes
  • Plogging –jogging and picking up litter
  • Guru Nanak Ji
  • Hong kong protests
  • Brexit

Read Between the Lines [29-9-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

  • United nation general assembly
  • Hizbul Mujahideen
  • article 370- constitutional bench or a 5  judge bench
  • 15th finance commission -2011 census -1971 census
  • Magna Carta
  • what are over the top platforms
  • armed forces special powers act
  • National investigation agency
  • Guru Nanak Ji
  • scorpene class submarine
  • project 75 ins khanderi
  • 1971 war
  • project 17a frigates
  • Under represented tribes – sixth schedule -autonomous councils -Garo Khasi Janita
  • Reserve Bank of India -prompt corrective action (high level of bad loans,lack of sufficient capital to manage risk and negative return on assets )
  • insurance regulatory and development authority of India
  • what are Credit rating agencies
  • MGNREGA
  • stimulus package
  • corporate tax rates in India
  • consumer price index
  • inflation economy
  • what is quantum supremacy -Quantum computing- cubits
  • what is  Quantum enabled science and technology
  • what are exoplanets
  • World Heritage site Sundarbans -bio restore ration process -intertidal zones
  • Sarva Shiksha abhiyan- mid day meal,
  • link between food insecurity at home and learning ,cognition ability of children —how does community kitchens help

Read Between the Lines [28-9-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

  • United nation general assembly
  • combating terrorism
  • coastal regulation zone
  • debris and air pollution
  • enforcement directorate
  • role of air pollution in respiratory diseases and cardiovascular diseases
  • NASA -Vikram lander- chandrayaan 2
  • CBI
  • blackbuck
  • National Film archive of India
  • Indian opinion
  • India Nepal and Bhutan to count tigers in high altitude why is it important
  • what is global tiger forum
  • Western ghats i
  • mportance of open defecation free country
  • organisation of Islamic cooperation
  • article 370
  •  Yemen war
  • belt and road initiative
  • article 21, 22 fundamental rights.
  • right to privacy -puttaswamy 2017 case
  • Hong Kong
  • Pro Khalistan terrorist
  • niti aayog
  • income tax officials compulsory retired
  • financial action task force
  • UN security council
  • Panchsheel
  • 450 gigawatts of solar energy capacity for India
  • Mahatma Gandhi ,Swami Vivekananda
  • whistleblower
  • Bharat 22 w
  • hat are Government bonds & corporate bonds
  • 15th finance commission

Read Between the Lines [27-09-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

  • Countrywide emergency number 112
  • election commission of India
  • what are bye elections
  • what is anti defection law
  • United nation general assembly
  • joint comprehensive plan of action
  • organisation of Islamic cooperation
  • Ambedkar
  • protection of children from sexual offences act 2012
  • ban on single use plastic
  • what is green tax
  • Indian penal code -criminal procedure code
  • UNESCO World Heritage site
  • coastal regulation zone
  • Central bureau of investigation
  • border security force
  • Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
  • doctors without borders
  • public safety act
  • United nation commission for human rights
  • United nation convention on rights of children ratified by India??
  • Juvenile justice act
  • what is preventive detention
  • reserve Bank of India
  • Central statistical organisation
  • niti ayog
  • repo rates
  • what do you understand by big data?
  • cloudburst ?
  • what is fiscal deficit
  • pm Kisan
  • MGNREA
  • informal sector in India %?
  • greenhouse gases -global warming
  • climate emergency
  • what are fossil fuels
  • line of control
  • national security advisor — to win the hearts and minds of people internal security?
  • United nation security council 1267 committee
  • financial action task force Asia Pacific group
  • Al-Qaeda
  • South Asian association for regional cooperation
  • project 75i
  • what do you understand by liquidity crunch
  • securities and exchange board of India
  • national stock exchange

Read Between the Lines [10-9-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

  • Marginal cost of lending rates
  • Basis points
  • Citizenship amendment Bill
  • National register of citizens
  • Inner line permit
  • article 371
  • citizenship
  • United nation human right council
  • article 370
  • chandrayaan 2
  • Vikram lander
  • protection of children against sexual offences act
  • GST
  • Godavari river
  • issues of young people’s addiction to mobile games and impact on society
  • fortification of salt (iodine)
  • issues of deficiency of iodine
  • sir creek area
  • assisted reproductive technologies bill
  • CRPF
  • collegium

  • first second and third judges case
  • chief justice of India
  • Afghan government
  • Amazon forest fire
  • IPCC
  • United Nations framework convention on climate change
  • RIC Russia India China
  • s400 air defence system
  • countering America’s adversaries through sanctions act
  • project 75 of India

  • Shanghai cooperation organisation
  • size of Chinese economy
  • United nation security council membership
  • women’s representation in higher judiciary
  • WTO domestic content requirement
  • idealism as a virtue maybe on the wane, but has not vanished altogether. comment
  • the challenge lies in how civil servants maintain their integrity and efficiency while serving in a system that deals with Power play and corruption .comment
  • Single use plastic elimination target in India ?

  • Restoring 5 million hectares between 2021 and 2030
  • Bonn challenge
  • land degradation

The marginal cost of funds based lending rate (MCLR)

  • Refers to the minimum interest rate of a bank below which it cannot lend, except in some cases allowed by the RBI. It is an internal benchmark or reference rate for the bank. MCLR actually describes the method by which the minimum interest rate for loans is determined by a bank – on the basis of marginal cost or the additional or incremental cost of arranging one more rupee to the prospective borrower.
  • The MCLR methodology for fixing interest rates for advances was introduced by the Reserve Bank of India with effect from April 1, 2016. This new methodology replaces the base rate system introduced in July 2010. In other words, all rupee loans sanctioned and credit limits renewed w.e.f. April 1, 2016 would be priced with reference to the Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR) which will be the internal benchmark (means a reference rate determined internally by the bank) for such purposes.
Calculation of MCLR
The MCLR is a tenor linked internal benchmark (tenor means the amount of time left for the repayment of a loan). The actual lending rates are determined by adding the components of spread to the MCLR. Banks will review and publish their MCLR of different maturities, every month, on a pre-announced date.
The MCLR comprises of the following:
  • a) Marginal cost of funds which is a novel concept under the MCLR methodology comprises of Marginal cost of borrowings and return on networth, appropriately weighed. i.e.,Marginal cost of funds = (92% x Marginal cost of borrowings) + (8% x Return on networth) Thus, marginal cost of borrowings has a weightage of 92% while return on net worth has 8% weightage in the marginal cost of funds. Here, the weight given to return on networth is set equivalent to the 8% of risk weighted assets prescribed as Tier I capital for the bank. The marginal cost of borrowing refers to the average rates at which deposits of a similar maturity were raised in the specified period preceding the date of review, weighed by their outstanding balance in the bank’s books. i.e, Rates offered on deposits of a similar maturity on the date of review/ rates at which funds raised x Balance outstanding as a percentage of total funds (other than equity) as on any day, but not more than seven calendar days prior to the date from which the MCLR becomes effective.
  • b) Negative carry on account of’ Cash reserve ratio (CRR)- Negative carry on the mandatory CRR arises because the return on CRR balances is nil. Negative carry on mandatory Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) balances may arise if the actual return thereon is less than the cost of funds.
  • c) Operating Cost associated with providing the loan product, including cost of raising funds, but excluding those costs which are separately recovered by way of service charges.
  • d) Tenor Premium- The change in tenor premium cannot be borrower specific or loan class specific. In other words, the tenor premium will be uniform for all types of loans for a given residual tenor.
Update:
  • In order to improve transmission of interest rates, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Wednesday asked banks to link their lending rates on floating rate loans to retail, personal and micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) borrowers to an external benchmark from 1 October.
  • (a) All new floating rate personal or retail loans (housing, auto, etc.) and floating rate loans to Micro and Small Enterprises extended by banks from October 01, 2019 shall be benchmarked to one of the following:
  • – Reserve Bank of India policy repo rate
  • – Government of India 3-Months Treasury Bill yield published by the Financial Benchmarks India Private Ltd (FBIL)
  • – Government of India 6-Months Treasury Bill yield published by the FBIL
  • – Any other benchmark market interest rate published by the FBIL.
  • (b) Banks are free to offer such external benchmark linked loans to other types of borrowers as well.
  • (c) In order to ensure transparency, standardisation, and ease of understanding of loan products by borrowers, a bank must adopt a uniform external benchmark within a loan category; in other words, the adoption of multiple benchmarks by the same bank is not allowed within a loan category.

The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill

  • The Bill amends the Citizenship Act, 1955 to make illegal migrants who are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, eligible for citizenship.
  • Under the Act, one of the requirements for citizenship by naturalisation is that the applicant must have resided in India during the last 12 months, and for 11 of the previous 14 years.  The Bill relaxes this 11 year requirement to six years for persons belonging to the same six religions and three countries.
Key Issues and Concerns
  • The Bill makes illegal migrants eligible for citizenship on the basis of religion. This may violate Article 14 of the Constitution which guarantees right to equality.
  • The direct exclusion of Muslims from being eligible for this pathway under any circumstances makes the constitutional form and citizenship communal.
  • The Bill allows cancellation of OCI registration for violation of any law. This is a wide ground that may cover a range of violations, including minor offences (eg. parking in a no parking zone).
  • It is also argued that the Bill, if made into an Act, will nullify the updated National Registration of Citizenship (NRC).

Inner Line Permit (ILP)

  • It regulates visit of Indians to States where ILP regime is prevalent under Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873.
  • In terms of of Section 2 of the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulations, 1873, the Inner Line Permit system is prevalent in the three North Eastern States, namely, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland.
  • Citizens of other States require ILP for visiting these three States.
  •  According to Section 3(1) of the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1961, the Central Government may by notification in the Official Gazette, declare any area adjoining the frontiers of India to be a notified area and thereupon on and after such day as may be specified in, and subject to any exemptions for which provision may be made in the said notification, no person who was not immediately before the said day a resident in the area declared to be a notified area by the notification, shall enter or attempt to enter that area or be therein, except in accordance with the terms of a permit in writing granted to him by a person, not below the rank of a Magistrate of the First Class, specified in the said notification.
  • The main aim of ILP system is to prevent settlement of other Indian nationals in the States where ILP regime is prevalent, in order to protect the indigenous/tribal population.
  • Notification under Section 3(1) of Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1961 is issued in the interest of the safety or security of India or in the public interest.
  • Manipur is demanding the implementation of Inner Line Permit(ILP) in the state.
  • If ILP bill is passed and enacted into law, it will require outsiders to obtain a special pass or permit to enter the state.
  • Since Manipur is not officially a tribal State there are constitutional challenges to implement the ILP System.
  • Among 3 major communities of Manipur – Meities, Kukis, Nagas, the ILP System is demanded by Meties.
  •  The govt. could implement the 6th Schedule in the hill areas which would ensure autonomy for the Kukis and Nagas in their respective regions within Manipur.

Explained: What is Article 371

  • Article 371 of the Constitution, which includes “special provisions” for 11 states, including six states of the Northeast.
  • Articles 369 through 392 (including some that have been removed) appear in Part XXI of the Constitution, titled ‘Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions’. Article 370 deals with ‘Temporary Provisions with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir’; Articles 371, 371A, 371B, 371C, 371D, 371E, 371F, 371G, 371H, and 371J define special provisions with regard to another state (or states).
  • The ‘special provisions’ applicable to some other States are mainly in the form of empowering the Governors to discharge some special responsibilities. These States are Maharashtra, Gujarat, Manipur, Nagaland, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Article 371 says the Governor of Maharashtra has a special responsibility to establish separate development boards for Vidarbha, Marathwada, and the rest of the State, while the Governor of Gujarat has a similar responsibility towards Saurashtra, Kutch and the rest of Gujarat. The responsibilities cover equitable allocation of funds for development expenditure, and providing facilities for technical education and vocational training.
  • Article 371A confers special status on Nagaland. Under this provision, no law made by Parliament in relation to Naga customary law and procedure, including civil and criminal justice matters, and ownership or transfer of land and resources will apply to Nagaland, unless the Legislative Assembly of Nagaland decides so. Further, the Governor of Nagaland has a ‘special responsibility’ regarding law and order in the State.
  • Article 371B contained a special provision for Assam under which a committee of legislators from the tribal areas was formed to look after their interest. The tribal areas later became Meghalaya State.
  • Under Article 371C, the Hill Areas of Manipur ought to have a committee of legislators. The Governor has a special responsibility to make an annual report to the President on the administration of the Hill Areas. The Centre is empowered to give directions to the State as far as these areas were concerned.
  • Article 371D is a detailed provision under which the President can pass an order to provide equitable opportunities and facilities to people belonging to different parts of Andhra Pradesh in public employment and education. In particular, the President can create local cadres in various classes of employment and allot civil posts to specified local cadres only.
  • Article 371F incorporated special provisions after the addition of Sikkim to India. One major objective was to grant protection to existing laws in Sikkim so that they are not declared unconstitutional after being brought under the Constitution of India.
  • Article 371G contains special provisions to preserve the religious and social practices of Mizos in Mizoram and their customary law and procedure and administration of criminal and civil justice, besides ownership of land.
  • Article 371H vests a special responsibility on the Governor of Arunachal Pradesh with respect to law and order. It makes clear that the Governor shall discharge this function after consulting the Council of Ministers, but exercise his individual judgment as to the action taken.

UNHRC :

  • The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a United Nations body whose mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world. It was created in 2006.
  • The headquarters of UNHRC are in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • The UNHRC investigates allegations of breaches of human rights in UN member states, and addresses important thematic human rights issues such as freedom of association and assembly, freedom of expression, freedom of belief and religion, women’s rights, LGBT rights, and the rights of racial and ethnic minorities
  • The council meets three times a year to examine human rights violations worldwide.
  • It has mandated independent investigators to look at situations including Syria, North Korea, Myanmar and South Sudan.
  • Its resolutions are not legally binding but carry moral authority.

POSCO Act, 2012

  • The POCSO Act, 2012 was enacted to Protect the Children from Offences of Sexual Assault, Sexual harassment and pornography with due regard for safeguarding the interest and well-being of children.
  • The Act defines a child as any person below eighteen years of age, and regards the best interests and welfare of the child as matter of paramount importance at every stage, to ensure the healthy physical, emotional, intellectual and social development of the child.
  • The act is gender neutral.
  •  The Act further makes provisions for avoiding the re-victimisation of the child at the hands of the judicial system.
  • It provides for special courts that conduct the trial in-camera and without revealing the identity of the child, in a manner that is as child-friendly as possible.
  • Hence, the child may have a parent or other trusted person present at the time of testifying and can call for assistance from an interpreter, special educator, or other professional while giving evidence.
  • Above all, the Act stipulates that a case of child sexual abuse must be disposed of within one year from the date the offence is reported.
  • The Act also provides for mandatory reporting of sexual offences.
  • This casts a legal duty upon a person who has knowledge that a child has been sexually abused to report the offence; if he fails to do so, he may be punished with six months’ imprisonment and/ or a fine.

The collegium system

  • The collegium system for appointment of judges to higher judiciary only came into existence following the Supreme Court’s judgment in what is known as the Second Judges Case (1993).
Constituent assembly gave a central role to the Judiciary:
  • These issues concerning the system employed to appoint judges to the Supreme Court and the high courts are of particular salience.
  • The judiciary was regarded by the Constitution’s framers as central to the social revolution that the Constitution was meant to herald.
  • The Constituent Assembly brought such idealism to the framing of the Judicial provisions of the Constitution which is equalled only by that shown towards Fundamental Rights.
  • It saw the judiciary as critical to upholding the equality that Indians had longed for during colonial days, but had not gained.
Appointments to Judiciary – a consultative process:
  • To ensure that judges would be insulated from political influence, the Constituent Assembly agreed on a consultative process of appointing judges (where higher judges are consulted while appointing judges).
  • The Constitution vested in the President the power to both make appointments and transfer judges between high courts.
  • The President (who would act on the advice of the council of ministers) was, however, required to compulsorily consult certain authorities, including the Chief Justice of India (CJI), and, when making appointments to a high court, the chief justice of that court.
Process of appointment changed after a series of judgements:
Meaning of “consultation”:
  • There was some confusion over what this “consultation” of CJI by the President meant.
  • Does this mean just taking an opinion or does it mean “concurrence”, which would mean CJI’s advice is binding on the President?
Sankalchand Sheth case:
  • Originally, in 1977, in Sankalchand Sheth’s case, when interpreting the word “consultation,” the Supreme Court ruled that the term can never mean “concurrence”. (That is to say that President can appoint someone as judge even if the judges he is consulting do not agree.)
  • Hence, the CJI’s opinion, the court ruled, was not binding on the executive.
  • But nonetheless the executive could depart from his opinion only in exceptional circumstances, and, in such cases, its decision could well be subject to the rigours of judicial review.
  • This was a perfectly sound balance (between executive and judiciary).
First Judges Case:
  • Again, in 1981, in the First Judges Case, the court once again endorsed this interpretation, albeit partly.
Second Judges Case:
  • In 1993, in the Second Judges Case, the court overruled its earlier decisions.
  • It now held that “consultation” really meant “concurrence”, and that the CJI’s view enjoys primacy, since he is “best equipped to know and assess the worth” of candidates.
  • But, the CJI, in turn, was to formulate his opinion through a body of senior judges that the court described as the collegium.
Third Judges Case:
  • In 1998, in the Third Judges Case, the court clarified its position further.
  • It said the collegium will comprise, in the case of appointments to the Supreme Court, the CJI and his four senior-most colleagues — and, in the case of appointments to the high courts, the CJI and his two senior-most colleagues.
  • Additionally, for appointments to the high courts, the collegium must consult such other senior judges serving in the Supreme Court who had previously served as judges of the high court concerned.
No basis for collegium system:
  • Critics say that these requirements, brought in through various judgements, are not in right faith with respect to what is in the Constitution’s text.
  • Yet the court has been keen to hold on to this power.
99th Constitutional Amendment attempted to change it:
  • To change the system of appointment of judges, the Constitution was altered, through the 99th constitutional amendment.
  • It sought to replace the collegium with the National Judicial Appointments Commission — a body comprising members of the judiciary, the executive and the general public.
Court made collegium’s primacy part of basic structure:
  • The Supreme Court swiftly struck it down.
  • It ruled that the primacy of the collegium was a part of the Constitution’s basic structure, and this power could not, therefore, be removed even through a constitutional amendment.

Project 75

Six Scorpene class submarines are being built under Project 75 by the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDSL), Mumbai, under a $3.75 billion technology transfer signed in October 2005 with the Naval Group of France. The   submarines, designed by  French naval defence  and energy company DCNS.
The Six Scorpene class submarines are
  • INS Kalvari is named after a deep sea tiger shark.
  • INS Khanderi
  • INS Karanj
    • The new submarine is named after the earlier Kalvari class INS Karanj, which was decommissioned in 2003.
  • INS  Vela
  • INS Vagir
  • INS Vagsheer
  • The P75I project is part of a 30-year submarine building plan that ends in 2030. As part of this plan, India was to build 24 submarines — 18 conventional submarines and six nuclear-powered submarines (SSNs) — as an effective deterrent against China and Pakistan.

Sir Creek area

Read Between the Lines [09-9-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

We pour tremendous time, thought, resources, to bring you Parivarthan. If you find it useful , please subscribe for Free daily Email Updates

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  • Chandrayaan 2 orbiter – Lander 

  • Article 371 
  • Oath is administered to governor by ? 
  • Saharia- Sentinels- particularly vulnerable tribal groups-

Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG)s

Primitive, geographically isolated, shy and socially, educationally & economically backwardness these are the traits that distinguish Scheduled Tribes of our country from other communities. Tribal communities live in about 15% of the country’s areas in various ecological and geo-climatic conditions ranging from plains to forests, hills and inaccessible areas. Tribal groups are at different stages of social, economic and educational development. While some tribal communities have adopted a mainstream way of life at one end of the spectrum, there are 75 tribal groups have been categorized categorized by Ministry of Home Affairs as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG)s. PVTGs reside in 18 States and UT of A&N Islands.

The criteria followed for determination of PVTGs are as under:
  1.  A pre-agriculture level of technology;
  2.  A stagnant or declining population;
  3.  Extremely low literacy; and
  4.   A subsistence level of economy.

Among the 75 listed PVTG’s the highest number are found in Odisha (13), followed by Andhra Pradesh (12), Bihar including Jharkhand (9) Madhya Pradesh including Chhattisgarh (7) Tamil Nadu (6) Kerala and Gujarat having five groups each. The remaining PVTGs live in West Bengal (3) Maharashtra (3), two each in Karnataka and Uttarakhand and one each in Rajasthan, Tripura and Manipur.

Particularly vulnerable Tribal Groups (PTGs) who have been identified in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. They are:-
  •  Great Andamanese of Strait Island
  •  Onges of Little Andaman
  •  Jarawas of South and Middle Andaman
  •  Sentinelese of Sentinel Islands
  •  Shompens of Great Nicobar

PVTG In news:

  • Chenchus Nallamala forests Andhra Pradesh
  • Kadars are listed as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) in Kerala,
  • Chhattisgarh Abujh Marias
  • Tuberculosis 
  • Fake news
  • Section 153a of IPC promoting enmity
  • Information technology act 
  • Local self government
  • 73rd and 74th amendments
  • State election commission 
  • State finance commission 
  • Devolution of powers 
  • Smart City program 
  • What is gram sabha
  • Collegium system transfer of chief justice of High court
  •  National register of citizens
  •  Vasudivakutumbakam

 Exclusive economic zone

  • India, a traditionally maritime country with rich maritime heritage, has an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of about 2.37 million km2 wherein India enjoy the exclusive legal right to utilize all living and non-living resources.
  • The entire EEZ have been divided into two areas viz. deep water areas (> 500 m water depth) and shallow water areas (< 500 m water depth).
  • Following the enforcement of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) in 1994 a new form of national economic jurisdiction was established globally to the seas extending 200 nautical miles from the coasts of sovereign states.
  • Article 55 of the document defines the legal regime of the Exclusive Economic Zone.
  • The article defines an area marked as an Exclusive Economic Zone (or EEZ) as – “The exclusive economic zone is an area beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea, subject to the specific legal regime established in this Part, under which the rights and jurisdiction of the coastal State and the rights and freedoms of other States are governed by the relevant provisions of this Convention” (UNCLOS, 2001).
  • The EEZ for India is one such maritime area extending from India’s coastline where India has economic and jurisdictional control subject to the clauses of UNCLOS.

Yemen- Houtis- Iran

(Taliban) Afghanistan

Read Between the Lines [06-09-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

  • Chief justice of India
  •  article 370 
  • CBI
  •  line of credit Russia far east 
  • Institute of eminence
  •  long billed vulture- Indian vulture -diclofenac
  •  rotavirus vaccine 
  • eat right movement – poshan abhiyaan
  •  anaemia mukt Bharat, Ayushman Bharat, swachh Bharat
  •  food safety and standards authority of India 
  • motor vehicle 2019 
  • light combat aircraft
  •  what is trafficking -National crime record bureau 
  • enforcement directorate
  •  facial recognition technology and their usage in airports 
  • universal immunization programme of India indradhanush
  • goods and service tax 
  • electric vehicles Bharat stage 6
  • reserve Bank of India -Floating  interest rates to external benchmarks
  •  Bank mergers 
  • non performing assets 
  • line of control 
  • National register of citizens
  •  measles and rubella included in indradhanush??
  • Unlawful activities prevention amendment act -declaring individuals as terrorist ? examples ? 
  • Act Far east  policy 
  • 5th eastern economic forum 
  • project 75i submarines 
  • brexit 
  • foreign portfolio investment 
  • National company law tribunal- insolvency and bankruptcy code

Read Between the Lines [30-8-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

  • National register of citizens 
  • detention centres 
  • India Russia relations 
  • project 75I
  • Russian fifth generation fighter aircraft
  •  How to unleash the  animal spirits in Indian economy?
  •  harami Nala creek area 
  • tobacco packing 
  • elector photo identity cards
  •  Chandrayaan
  •  vande Bharat express
  •  what is compensatory afforestation fund
  •  fit India movement what are lifestyle diseases
  •  mid day meal scheme 
  • what is a constitutional bench 
  • foreign direct investment norms 
  • what are local sourcing norms 
  • what is article 370 
  • food corporation of India 
  • goods and service tax 
  • student Islamic of India semi r
  • ight to information act
  •  unlawful activities prevention act 
  • global warming IPCC 1.5 degree Celsius report 
  • MAP : Afghanistan, Yemen , Ethiopia 
  • what is privatisation 
  • 100% foreign direct investment in coal sector 
  • single use plastic
  • what do you understand by apartheid

Read Between the Lines [29-8-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

  • Bureau of police research and development
  • Phone tapping and issues associated with it
  • 5 Judge supreme court bench or constitutional bench
  •  article 370
  • Brexit 
  • union cabinet 
  • foreign direct investment 
  • what do you understand by the local sourcing norms 
  • single brand and multi brand retail 
  • automatic route -approval route 
  • distribution companies
  •  antibiotic resistance
  • Chandrayaan 2
  •  Naxalism
  •  joint comprehensive plan of action Iran Nuclear deal 
  • Amazon fire 
  • rarest of the rare case
  •  discrimination against dalits 
  • how can India overcome the caste problem 
  • What do you understand by slow down of Indian economy
  •  fast moving consumer goods 
  • fiscal stimulus
  •  inflation
  •  jobless growth 
  • bad debts or non performing assets
  •  stock markets 
  • what is rural distress
  •  Angel tax 
  • multiplier effect in economy 
  • m g n r e g a 
  • What do you understand by collateral damage
  •  minimum government maximum governance 
  • rooftop solar panels 
  • India’s Paris agreement rooftop contribution 
  • enforcement directorate what is money laundering 
  • National register of citizens
  •  s400 Deal between India and Russia 
  •  what is collegium in relation to appointment of judges 
  • one country two systems Hong Kong issue
  •  what are open market operations
  •  convention on international trade in species of wild fauna and flora, Appendix of smooth coated ,otter small clawed oter,tokay gecko
  • CITES  appendix 123 
  • conference of parties 

Read Between the Lines [28-8-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

Hope you like our Read between the lines Initiative. we are launching a test series initative as well, we believe what get’s measured Gets improved ! as Harari says “In a world deluged by irrelevant information, clarity is power.” we sincerely believe that our tests help in improving your conceptual clarity. we are sure you will love our Current affairs based test series please check it out ! Thank you.

Read Between the Lines [28-8-19]

  • Reserve Bank of India –  economic capital framework
  • goods and service tax 
  • GST council 
  • press council of India
  •  emergency period in context of post independence consolidation 
  • what is the position of minister of state
  • Peacock parachute spider or Goothy Tarantula international union for conservation of nature status is critically endangered
  • Child wellbeing index what are the various parameters used
  • Niti aayog
  • Land degradation 
  • Bonn challenge – Bonn convention
  •  UNFCC conference of parties
  • Pradhanmantri fasal Bima Yojana 
  • soil health card scheme
  •  soil Health management scheme
  •  Pradhanmantri krishi sinchai Yojana
  • Guidelines for e-commerce 
  • what is defamation 
  • enforcement directorate
  •  the online world is not truly bound by terrestrial laws it is the world’s largest ungoverned space in the context of data protection law analyse this statement. 
  • What are development banks 
  • what do you understand by short term capital and long term capital 
  • what is keynesian theory
  • Ujjwala Yojana and various issues associated with it
  • Antyodaya households national food security act
  • World war 2
  • G20 BRICS SCO
  • what do you understand by multipolar just and equal world order ?
  • think of examples for illegal unilateral actions that are happening in global arena
  • What is constitutionalism and constitutional morality
  • National register of citizens 
  • Hong Kong issue 
  • Amazon forest fire
  • Bharat stage 6 norms
  • Fiscal deficit

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Read Between the Lines [27-8-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

  • Reserve Bank of India –intern dividend -Transfers ? 
  • Fiscal stimulus  why now ? 
  • Economic capital framework – Bimal Jalan committee report ? 
  • G7 meeting 
  • third party mediation in Kashmir is is rejected why ?
  • Chandrayaan 2 Mitra crater 
  • disqualification of MLA’s anti defection law 
  • Amazon rainforest forest fires 
  • habeas corpus 
  • article 21 
  • regional connectivity scheme 
  • UDAN
  •  Central list items Which schedule ? 
  • aviation turbine fuel under GST ? Why not ? what are not included under GST ? 
  • value added tax ?
  • no frill airports?
  • European union free trade agreements 
  • MERCOSUR countries in South America
  •  generalised system of preferences 
  • most favoured nation 
  • data free flow with trust 
  • regional economic comprehensive partnership 
  • artificial intelligence –
  • 5G 
  • what do you understand by judicial overreach, judicial activism ,judicial evasion?
  • what is separation of powers?
  • draft regulations by ministry of electronics and information technology “traceability” ? what is it ?   mutual legal assistance treaty 
  • what is cloud act clarifying lawful overseas use of data act
  •  Buddha, Mahavira,Ashoka, Gandhi 
  • compulsory retirement to 22 officers 
  • foreigner tribunal, National register of citizens 
  • enforcement directorate 
  • single use plastic 
  • what is Paris agreement? India’s commitment to that  agreement in relation to energy MIX ? 
  • what is Carbon sink?
  • public interest litigation 
  • Exchange rates and why is rupee reaching 72 to dollar mark 
  • what do you understand by cyclical and structural issues in Indian Economy ? 

Read Between the Lines [21-8-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

  • Yamuna river – Its Tributaries 
  •  anti defection law
  • Balancing Right to Privacy online and people who use web to spread panic and commit crimes
  •  National register of citizens 
  • enforcement directorate which ministry 
  • Central pollution control board air quality index SAFAR… the system of air quality and weather forecasting landslides and steps to be taken to prevent them
  •  one nation one ration card scheme 
  • national food security act 
  • water management not water scarcity is the problem in India comment
  • Swami Vivekananda
  • How is Indian secularism different from Western secularism 
  • Jagadish Chandra Bose
  •  Harijan movement and Mahatma Gandhi 
  • what is total fertility rate 
  • what are foreigners tribunals 
  • what is money laundering 
  • National investigation agency 
  •  Hong Kong Pro democracy movement
  • What are stressed assets and non performing assets 
  • non banking finance companies 
  • what is current account and how is Gold Import going to impact it
  • National Youth Day
  • Taliban-Al Qaeda-ISIS
  • The Seventh Schedule of the Constitution
  • Finance Commission 
  • the Inter-State Council. 
  • The Ease of Doing Business
  • direct tax code (DTC) 

 

Read Between the Lines [20-8-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

  • United nation security council 
  • article 370 
  • National register of citizens 
  • what are non communicable diseases cardiovascular diseases 
  • what are DISCOMs
  • Environment clearance environment impact assessment 
  • what is consent 
  • legal age for marriage in India for men and women 
  • lunar orbit insertion chandrayaan 2
  • what do you understand by slow down of economy recession
  •  India Bhutan relations open border 
  • doklam plateau 
  • motor vehicle agreement Bangladesh Bhutan India Nepal
  •  chief of defence staff
  • What do you understand by liberty equality fraternity 
  • what is federalism 
  • what is separation of powers between legislature executive and judiciary
  • What do you understand by trade war 
  • what are intellectual property rights
  •  what is currency manipulation 
  • what is trade deficit 
  • what is protectionism and new protectionism 
  • trans Pacific partnership 
  • globalisation and de globalisation
  • International monetary fund World Trade organisation G20
  • National tiger conservation authority, project tiger ,tiger census
  • UNSC expansion who are the members among p5 that are supporting India’s membership 
  • G4 members
  • Central armed police forces Central reserve police forces border security force Indo Tibetan border police sashastra Seema Bal
  • National security advisor
  • India China military to military cooperation joint working group
  • What are domicile laws
  • What is corporate tax 
  • what is direct tax code
  •  monetary policy 
  • Hong Kong

Read Between the Lines [15-8-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

  • Election commission
  •  delimitation 
  • National green tribunal
  •  Land slips ?  landslides
  •  Hong Kong – issue ? 
  •  India’s doctor population ratio
  •  swachh survekshan 
  • Taliban 
  • 1972 Simla agreement 
  • what is hydrological -water cycle 
  • why are wetlands important for handling the floods 
  • what do you understand by the term anthropogenic factors 
  • what is anthropocene 
  • line of control 
  •  GST council 
  • retail inflation- consumer price index 
  • what is corporate social responsibility
  •  what is a regulatory sandbox 
  • Non banking finance companies

Read Between the Lines [13-8-19]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

  • line of actual control 
  •  Krishna wildlife sanctuary
  •  national disaster response force 
  • pm Jan arogya Yojana
  •  autonomous hill councils ( Leh and kargil) 
  • UN resolution of 1949 
  • artificial intelligence 
  • ethical perspectives: egoistic perspective ,utilitarians perspective, teleological perspective, deontological perspective 
  • apartheid 
  • prevention of corruption act 
  • Aksai chin
  •  Bangladesh China India Myanmar economic corridor
  •  border security force
  •  MAP: Yemen,Hong Kong
  •  non banking finance companies
  •  foreign portfolio investors
  •  what is security transaction tax 
  • National anti doping agency 
  • world anti-doping agency