Discuss the Battle of Waterloo and the impact of it.

The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. A French army under the command of Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the Seventh Coalition, comprising an Anglo-allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington combined with a Prussian army.

Upon Napoleon’s return to power in March 1815, many states that had opposed him formed the Seventh Coalition and began to mobilize armies. Two large forces assembled close to the north-eastern border of France. Napoleon chose to attack in the hope of destroying them before they could join in a coordinated invasion of France with other members of the coalition. The defeat at Waterloo ended Napoleon’s rule as Emperor of the French.

The bicentenary of Waterloo has prompted renewed attention to the geopolitical and economic legacy of the battle and the century of relative transatlantic peace which followed.

The Battle ended the First French Empire and the political and military career of Napoleon Bonaparte, one of the greatest commanders and statesmen in history.

It was followed by almost four decades of international peace in Europe. No further major conflict occurred until the Crimean War. Changes to the configuration of European states, as refashioned after Waterloo, included the formation of the Holy Alliance of reactionary governments intent on repressing revolutionary and democratic ideas.Every generation in Europe up to the outbreak of the First World War looked back at Waterloo as the turning point that dictated the course of subsequent world history. In retrospect, it was seen as the event that ushered in the Concert of Europe, an era characterised by relative peace, material prosperity and technological progress.


World History by CrashCourse

World History is a important topic for general studies paper in mains,UPSC have another  acronym unpredictable service commission, in spite of reading Norman Lowe or other books for world history they might ask few questions surprising every one.

So here is a crash course for world history in 42 small videos,you can watch them in reading breaks or while having lunch or dinner,knowledge + time pass ,they are really useful and will give you lot of knowledge.

 crash course world history

crash course world history

The videos are created by crash course a Youtube channel lead by John Green and the links here lead to Khan academy another fantastic education site hope this will help you.

What happens when you stay put (the Neolithic revolution & early River Valley civilizations)

Oh, so that’s where that comes from! (the ancient Greeks, Persians, Indians, Chinese & the trade between them. Oh, and also the Romans)

What’s God got to do with it? – a lot (Early Christianity, Byzantium, Islam, and Medieval Europe)

Road trip! (conquest, trade, & more conquest)

When people do great and really terrible things (The Renaissance, Colonialism, & the Slave Trade)

You ain’t the boss of me! Oh, maybe you are (Revolution and Modern Society)

Nationalism, Imperialism & Globalization: the good, the bad and the really, really ugly

World History Israel and Palestine Conflict Explained

Israel and Palestine Conflict is always in news, from a UPSC aspirants point of view,its a evergreen but not so important topic,but having an idea or overview will always help,Crash course and Khan academy have lot of nice videos on world history which I will be sharing on a regular basis.

This is another video with nice explanation.

These will give you a basic idea of what is the problem and will be easy to remember with the nice visual representation.

India’s Stand on Palestine

India’s solidarity with the Palestinian people and its attitude to the Palestinian question was  given voice through our freedom struggle by Mahatma Gandhi. India’s empathy with the Palestinian cause and its friendship with the people of Palestine have become an integral part of its time‐tested foreign policy. In 1947, India voted against the partition of Palestine at the United Nations General Assembly. India was the first Non‐Arab State to recognize PLO as sole and
legitimate representative of the Palestinian people in 1974. India was one of the first countries to recognize the State of Palestine in 1988.

India always condemned the violence and civilian killings,but recently many changes and reports came that India might change its Pro-Palestine support stance to other ,the reason well explained by Former diplomat and UN official Chinmaya Gharekhan,

“There is no doubt that India’s position on the Israel-Palestine conflict has moderated gradually over a period of time, from its once categorical support for the Palestinian cause.”

Mr. Gharekhan says the game-changer in this regard was Israel’s assistance to India during the Kargil war, when it supplied much needed artillery shells at short notice.

“It was gratitude for this act and our growing defense relationship with Israel that made the difference in later years. Even at the UN, while we still support statements in favour of Palestine, we no longer co-sponsor such resolutions.”

The shift in stand is not completely official or pro Israel,but the Hindu in an editorial says that by taking a position of equidistance between the Palestinians and Israel Govt missed a opportunity ,

It is important to recognize that the Israel-Palestinian issue is the core of instability in West Asia — a region that is the lifeline of India’s economy because of its huge oil and gas reserves.

To wrap it up read this wonderful,article by Chinmaya Gharekhan Revisiting the Palestine issue which for a  UPSC aspirant is a treasure you will not need another source on this issue for India’s Stand on Palestine.