Read Between the Lines [29-4-20]

Read between the lines is to encourage aspirants to self study and refocus on the newspapers instead of totally depending on third party sources for their preparation.

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How to make most of Read between the lines Explained here, also you can find all the Previous read between the lines posts here in the archives.

GS Paper 1

  • Kudumbashree program Kerala
  • Kumbh Mela intangible cultural Heritages of India ?
  • All India Home rule league
  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak

GS Paper 2

  • PM cares fund
  • Indian council of medical research
  • Article 14 right to equality
  • National mission for clean Ganga
  • public interest litigation seeking introduction of no religion no caste columns in official application forms.
  • Advocate general-solicitor general
  • what do you understand by prima facie
  • Article 300a of constitution right to property
  • disaster management act
  • epidemic diseases act
  • World health organisation
  • Mahatma Gandhi National rural employment guarantee act MGNREGA
  • citizenship amendment act
  • unlawful activities prevention act
  • article 22 of Indian constitution
  • directive principles of State policy
  • Aadhaar
  • National commission for women –increase of incidents of domestic violence during pandemic
  • shadow pandemic
  • protection of women from domestic violence act 2005
  • NITI aayog
  • National register for citizens
  • Central reserve police force
  • what is fiscal federalism
  • mid day meal scheme
  • BRICS group

GS Paper 3

  • Corporate social responsibility
  • Tragedy of commons
  • Sustainable development goals
  • Plasma therapy
  • Reserve Bank of India
  • liquidity support for mutual funds
  • what do you understand by community transmission and herd immunity
  • H1 N1
  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • institute for economics and peace –the annual global terrorism index
  • Food corporation of India
  • wealth tax
  • AMRUT mission
  • smart City mission
  • swachh Bharat
  • Pradhan mantri awas Yojana urban
  • humanitarian and disaster relief efforts
  • national disaster response force
  • biological oxygen demand
  • chemical oxygen demand

GS Paper 4

  • India lives in its villages Mahatma Gandhi
  • what do you understand by the term big brother in negative connotation
  • what do you understand by draconian measures

Value Addition :

In his now-legendary dissenting judgment, delivered at the height of Indira Gandhi’s Emergency, Justice H.R. Khanna, invoking Justice Brandeis of the U.S. Supreme Court, wrote that “[the] greatest danger to liberty lies in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but lacking in due deference for the rule of law.”

The Supreme Court’s judgment in K.S. Puttaswamy v. Union of India (2017) is renowned for its incantation, that each of us is guaranteed a fundamental right to privacy. But the Court also recognised that the Constitution is not the sole repository of this right, or indeed of the right to personal liberty. For these are freedoms that inhere in all of us. The Court additionally thought it important, as Justice S.K. Kaul wrote, that the majority opinions of Justice Khanna’s brethren be buried “ten fathom deep, with no chance of resurrection.”

To be sure, the right to privacy is not absolute. There exist circumstances in which the right can be legitimately curtailed. However, any such restriction, as the Court held in Puttaswamy , must be tested against the requirements of legality, necessity and the doctrine of proportionality. This will require government to show us, first, that the restriction is sanctioned by legislation; second, that the restriction made is in pursuance of a legitimate state aim; third, that there exists a rational relationship between the purpose and the restriction made; and fourth, that the State has chosen the “least restrictive” measure available to achieve its objective.

In this case, not only are the government’s technological solutions unfounded in legislation, there is also little to suggest that they represent the least restrictive measures available. A pandemic cannot be a pretext to abnegate the Constitution. Inter arma silent leges , said Cicero: “For among [times of] arms, the laws fall mute”. But our fight against COVID-19 is no war. Even if it were, our Constitution is intended for all times — for times of peace and for times of crises.

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